un endroit où il fait bon se reposer

 

The fundamentals of Morocco, in brief :

  • Type of Government : constitutional monachy by divine right
  • Head of State : Mohammed VI, Commander of the Faithful
  • Capital : Rabat.
  • Area : 659 970 km².
  • Official language : Arabic, three Berber dialects and the french are frequently spoken.
  • Religion : muslim in 99 %.
  • Climax : Djebel Toubkal (4 167 m)
  • Population : 34 859 364 people (2010)
  • Density : 48,4 people/km².
  • Life expectancy : 70 years old.
  • GDP : $ 95 billion.
  • GDP per capita : 4.600 euros (2010)

 

Travellers like to know :

Language

Arabic : we make a difference between lots of different type of arabic (the classical, the language of the Qu’ran, of the education, of the medias,…) The moroccan Arabic dialect is directly inspired from French for many modern names and phrases.

Berber : practiced in many parts of Morocco, Berber, as Arabic is a language family Hamito-Semitic (as Hebrew). According to the Berber, Arabic is a foreign language.

French : in many companies that employ university-level people, French is the working language. According to the speaker it in front of her, the same person may favor either Arabic or French.

Spanish : principally spoken in the North, it’s an other remnant of the colonialism.

 

Climate

The climate is mild almost everywhere throughout most of the year. On the coast, the sea softens the summers and makes winter temperatures rarely below 10 ° C. The interior, with its continental climate, is more stifling in summer and colder in winter. Tangier is three times more rainfall than Agadir. The desert should be avoided in summer because of excessive daytime temperatures.

Jet Lag

Morocco lives in the U.T. (Universal Time). In principle, when it is 12 hours in France, it is 10 hours in Morocco in the summer and 11 hours in winter.

But since the kingdom adopted daylight saving time for the first time in 2008, there is a hiatus of several weeks between June and August. An interlude during which there is more than 1 h shift , even in summer, between the two countries.

The time change is keyed to the dates of Ramadan, it changes every year and may even vary from one day or two in the same region!

In short, if you are in Morocco during this period, prepare yourself for a few hours of float time.

Formalities

For a trip to Morocco, a valid passport is required. It is imperative that it be valid at least 6 months from the date of entry into the country. European do not need a visa for travel time less than 3 months.

If you come to Morocco by car, make sure your car insurance covers you for this country. Be careful, a check will be made at the border.

Feast and public holidays

In Morocco, two calendars coexist: the Gregorian of 365 days and the muslim of 354 days, which does not simplify the agenda under "great moments". The New Year always falls on January 1, but the religious holidays, which follow the lunar rhythm, do not always return the same season. The holy month of Ramadan follows the Islamic calendar.

We distinguish the religious holidays of other public holidays. There are four religious holidays: Ras as-Sana, the Mouloud, Aïd al Fitr and Aïd al Adha/Aïd al Kebir. They are celebrated according to the lunar calendar of the Hegira. Other holidays are:

1st of January: New Year’s Day

11th January: Independance Manifesto

1st of May: Work Day

30th July: Throne Celebration (Mohammed VI Coronation)

14th August: Oued Eddahab Reunification

20th August: Revolution of the King and the People’s Anniversary

21st August: Youth Celebration

6th November: Green Walk Celebration

18th November: Indépendance Day

 

Health

Vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria, polio, and hepatitis A (unless immunized) are recommended. The more cautious and more adventurous should add Hepatitis B and typhoid fever. Plan your vaccinations several weeks before departure. Note that the sanitary quality of Marrakech is recognized.

It is not necessary to prepare the city differently than any other Western city in which you would realize a city trip.

The most common health problems are diarrhea, this is the reason why we always recommend careful not to eat "anything, anywhere." It is not uncommon to get bitten by insects in areas less dry Morocco.

Water

In principle, water is drinkable everywhere, also in Marrakech. But actually we hardly recommand to drink bottled water to avoid a bad surprise.

Electricity

Almost the entire country is under 220 volts/50hz. Plugs are in European standards. Only a few remote areas still have taken supplied with 110v. Be aware, remote villages (especially in some valleys of Atlas) are powered by generators group. There may be risks of over-voltage for your electrical appliances.